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Foot and Ankle Pain

Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles Tendonitis is inflammation to the tendon that attaches the heel to the calf muscles, which leads to discomfort, pain, and swelling with walking or running. One is at risk of developing achilles tendinitis if they have limited ankle mobility, tight calf muscles, improper shoewear, straining the calf muscles, or engage in repetitive quick stops and change of direction activity without proper warm-up.

Plantar Facitis

Plantar Facitis is one of the most common causes of foot and heel pain. Heel pain with weight bearing that may be worse in the morning or when barefoot. One may be at risk of developing plantar fasciitis if he or she has limited dorsiflexion, pes planus or cavus deformity, a tight achilles tendon, excess weight, improper shoewear or fit, engages in prolonged weight bearing activities, or has a sudden increase in activity prior to the onset of symptoms.

Flat Feet

This is a deformity that presents itself during early child development. People with flat feet either have no natural arch in their foot; or, if there is one present, then it is very low. Under normal circumstances, the arches in our feet help to distribute body weight. The absence of these arches may lead to ankle pain in later life as weight is incorrectly distributed.

Ankle Fractures & Breaks

This is an injury to the bones in the ankle that may occur as a result of a fall, car accident, or contact sports.

Ankle Sprains & Strains

A lot of people think these two conditions are synonymous, but they differ slightly. A sprain involves overstretching or tearing ligaments, whereas a strain is the same but instead involves torn muscles or tendons.

Bursitis

Surrounding the joints are small, fluid-filled sacs that doctors refer to as the bursae. These structures cushion the bones, tendons, and muscles adjacent to the body’s larger joints (the ankle being no exception). If a joint sustains repetitive stress over a period of time, it may lead to inflammation of the bursae and painful symptoms.

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The Ankle & Arthritis are conditions we see in the office and there are many types:

Gout

Usually affects the big toe, but there are also many cases of gout manifesting in the ankle. Gout typically involves a sudden onset of intense pain, swelling, and redness in the affected area.

Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS)

This is an inflammatory disease in the spine that, if left untreated, will cause the vertebrae to fuse together. In rare cases, AS will cause pain in other joints of the body, such as the knees and ankles.

Ankle Osteoarthritis

A degenerative disease that occurs when a joint’s protective cartilage wears down during the natural aging process.

Reactive Arthritis

This form of arthritis sometimes appears as a byproduct of an infection elsewhere in the body (such as the intestines or urinary tract).

Septic Arthritis

Inflammation from septic arthritis is the direct result of foreign invaders in the body such as viruses, bacteria, or fungi.

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Foot and Ankle Pain Treatment Spine & Sports Injury Center | (617) 247-2300